1- N. Himrane, D. E. Ameziani, K. Bouhadef, and R. Bennacer
Storage silos self ventilation : Interlinked heat and mass transfer phenomenon, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A : Application, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp. 379-401, 2014.
DOI : 10.1080/10407782.2014.884891

2-Abdulkadir, M., Azzi, A., Zhao, D., I.S. Lowndes, Azzopardi, B.J
"Liquid film thickness behaviuor within a large diameter vertical 180° return bend", Chemical Engineering Science , 107, 137-148.

3- Azzopardi, B.J., Ijioma, A., Yang, S., L. A., Abdulkareem, Azzi, A., Abdulkadir, M.
"Persistence of frequency in gas–liquid flows across a change in pipe diameter or orientation", International Journal of Multiphase Flow, In Press

4- A. Abdedou, K. Bouhadef
Forced Heat Transfer Convection in a Porous Channel with an Oriented Confined Jet, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial and Mechatronics Engineering Vol:8 No:8, 2014

5- N. Mimouni, R. Bennacer, S. Chikh and O. Rahli
Limitation of parallel flow in double diffusive convection : Two- and three-dimensional transitions in a horizontal porous domain, Phys. Fluids 26, 074105 (2014)


1- N. Hadidi, Y. Ould-Amer, R. Bennacer
"Bi-layered and inclined porous collector : Optimum heat and mass transfer", International Journal of Energy, 51, 422-430, 2013.

2- S. Aklouche-Benouaguef, B. Zeghmati & K. Bouhadef
"Numerical Simulation of Chaotic Natural Convection in a Differentiated Closed Square Cavity", Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A : Applications : An International Journal of Computation and Methodology

3- N. Targui and H. Kahalerras, "Analysis of a double pipe heat exchanger performance by useof porous baffles and pulsating flow", Energy Conversion and Management 2013, Volume 76,43-54.

4- R. Bennacer, O. Rahli, H. Ben Hammed
"unstableanisothermalmulticomponent convective flow : from small to large scales", Computational Thermal Sciences, Vol.4, 2012 Issue 6, pp. 549-566.,5601d1006842027b,3419ede054541a72.html

5- S. Khali, R. Nebbali, K. Bouhadef
"Numerical Investigation of Non-Newtonians Fluids Flows between Two Rotating Cylinders Using Lattice Boltzmann Method ", International Journal of Mechanical, Industrial Science and Engineering Vol:7 No:10, 2013

6- K. Bouhadef, S. Chikh, A. Boumedien and A. Benabdesselam
"Design Analysis of a Solar Refrigeration System with a Rotating Generator"
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Publications, issue 79, 154, p. 809, 2013.

7- S. Khali, R. Nebbali, D.E. Ameziani, K. Bouhadef,
« Numerical investigation of non-Newtonian fluids in annular ducts with finite aspect ratio using Lattice Boltzmann method » Physical Review E87, 053002 (2013)

8- B. Madani, L. Tadrist, F, Topin,
« Experimental analysis of upward flow boiling heat transfer in a channel provided with cooper metallic foam », Applied Thermal Engineering, 52 (2) : 336–344 (2013).
[>ISSN 1359-4311]

9- M. Ait Saada, S. Chikh, L. Tadrist,
"Evaporation of a sessile drop with pinned or receding contact line on a substrate with different thermophysical properties" Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 58 (2013) 197-208

10- S. Zeguai, S. Chikh, L. Tadrist (2013)
Experimental study of two-phase flow pattern evolution in a horizontal circular tube of small diameter in laminar flow conditions, Int. J. of Multiphase Flow 55 (2013) 99–110


1- A. Bousri, K. Bouhadef, H. Beji, R. Bennacer & R. Nebbali,
« Heat and mass transfer in reactive porous media with local non equilibrium condition »,
Journal of Porous Media, 15 (4) : 329–341 (2012), Begell House, Inc.
DOI : 10.1615/JPorMedia.v15.i4.30

2- N. Guerroudj and H. Kahalerras
"Mixed convection in an inclined channel with heated porous blocks", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat end Fluid Flow, Vol 22 N° 7, 2012,

3- Yacine Ould-Amer, Rachid Bennacer,
"Free convection across a bilayered and inclined porous cavity submitted to non symmetrical heating". Journal of porous media, Begell house, issue 5, pp. 403-414, 2012.
[,752da0d1454264c6,34e867756b459241.html], DOI : 10.1615/JPorMedia.v15.i5.10

4- M. Abdulkadir, D. Zhao, A.Azzi, I.S. Lowndes, B.J. Azzopardi,
"Two-phase air-water flow through a large diameter vertical 180° return bend", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol 79, 138-152, 2012.

5- M. Ait Saada, S. Chikh, L. Tadrist,
"Effect of substrate thickness and thermal conductivity of an evaporating sessile drop"
Journal of Physics : Conference Series 395 (2012) 012140.

6- D.E. Ameziani, R. Bennacer, M. Belmedani et A. Boutraa
" Lattice Boltzmann Analysis of the Heat Transfer in Cubical Enclosures", Journal : Defect and Diffusion Forum Vols. 326-328 (2012), pp 536-541.


1- N. Bouaziz, R. Ben Iffa, L. Kairaouani, S. Chikh And R. Bennacer, "Performance of a water Amonia Absorption system operating at three Pressure levels", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols 312-315,2011, pp 947-952

2- N. Allouache, R. Bennacer, S. Chikh, A. Al Mers, “modeling of heat and mass transfer in an annular adsorber for solar cooling machine : performance coefficients”, Defect and diffusion forum. Vols. 312-315, 2011, pp. 641-646 (

3- R. Nebbali, K. Bouhadef ,
"Non-Newtonian fluid flow in plane channels : Heat transfer
enhancement using porous blocks", International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 50 (2011) 1984-1995

4- A. Bousri, K. Bouhadef, T. Langlet, H. Beji ,
"Forced convection analysis of coupled heat and mass transfer in a channel filled with a reactive porous medium", Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, An International Journal, Vol. 11, No.5 pp. 305 - 317, 2011.
DOI : 10.1504/PCFD.2011.042182

5- Rahli O. , Bennacer, R. , Bouhadef, K. and Ameziani, D. E
"Three-Dimensional Mixed Convection Heat and Mass Transfer in a Rectangular Duct : Case of Longitudinal Rolls", Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A : Applications, 59 : 5, 349 — 371, (2011)
To link to this Article : DOI : 10.1080/10407782.2011.549081,

6- A. Boutaghane ; K. Bouhadef ; F. Valensi ; S. Pellerin ; Y. Benkedda
"Theoretical model and experimental investigation of current density boundary condition for welding arc study", The European Physical Journal - Applied Physics, Vol.54, issue 1, 10802, 2011.

7- N. Hadidi et Y. Ould-Amer
Convection thermosolutale bidimensionnelle dans une cavité poreuse renfermant deux couches poreuses disposées verticalement. Revue de Mécanique Appliquée et Théorique, Volume 2, N°4, p 385-396, ISSN 1114-5749, 2011.

8- Shannak, B.A., Damseh, R.A., Azzi, A.,
"Experimental and theoretical investigation on the discharge characteristic of stratified two-phase flow, Heat and mass transfer", 47(3), 269-275, 2011,
DOI : 10.1007/s00231-010-0717-0

9- Y. Outaleb, K. Bouhadef, and O. Rahli
"Double Diffusive Convection in a Partially Porous Cavity under Suction/Injection Effects"
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol:5 2011-07-26


1- D.E. Ameziani et K. Bouhadef
"Optimisation Des Transferts de Chaleur En Milieux Poreux",
Ouvrage, Editions Universitaires Européennes, Juillet 2010,
ISBN-10 : 6131521557 ; ISBN-13 : 978-6131521553

2- M. Ait Saada, S. Chikh, A. Campo,
Augmentation or Suppression of Natural Convective Heat Transfer in Horizontal Annuli Filled with Air and Partially Filled with a Porous Matrix Layer,
Heat Transfer Research, vol.41, issue 5, pp. 573-597, 2010, Begell House,78eab4421dedde24,4f8787cb00d722e6.html

3- Mounir Alliche, Pierre Haldenwang, Salah Chikh,
Extinction conditions of a premixed flame in a channel,
Combustion and Flame 157 (2010) 1060-1070,
DOI : 10.1016/j.combustflame.2010.02.006

4- A. Campo, S. Chikh, M. M. Papari, M. R. Mobinipouya,
Superior Convective Heat Transport for Laminar Boundary Layer Flow Over a Flat Plate Using Binary Gas Mixtures With Light Helium and Selected Heavier Gases,
ASME, J. Heat Transfer, May 2010, Vol.132, /051701-1,
DOI : 10.1115/1.4000433

5- N. Allouache, R. Bennacer, S. Chikh, A. Al Mers,
Numerical Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer in an Annular Porous Adsorber for Solar System,
Defect and Diffusion Forum Vols. 297-301, pp 802-807, Trans. Tech. Publi., Switzerland, 2010 ,
DOI : 10.4028/

6- N. Mimouni, S. Chikh, R. Bennacer,
Three-dimensional study of Heat and Mass Transfer in a Partially Porous Elongated Cavity,
Defect and Diffusion Forum Vols. 297-301, pp 728-732, Trans. Tech. Publi., Switzerland, 2010 ,
DOI : 10.4028/

7- M. Azzoune, L. Mammou ..A. Boumedien
“NUR reaserch reactor safety analysis study for long time natural convection operation mode”, Nuclear engineering and design, Volume 240 (4), April 2010 , Elsevier, (

8- O. Rahli, R. Bennacer, K. Bouhadef, D.E. Ameziani, E. Ghorbel,
Three-dimensional double diffusion mixed convection in rectangular channel filled with porous medium,
Defect and Diffusion Forum Vols. 297-301, pp 1010-1015, Trans. Tech. Publi., Switzerland, 2010
DOI : 10.4028/

9- N. Guerroudj and H. Kahalerras, ‘’Mixed convection in a channel provided with heated porous blocks of various shapes’’, Energy Conversion and Management, 2010, Vol. 51, pp. 505-517 (

10- A. Bousri, K. Bouhadef, H. Beji and O. Rahli,
Heat and Mass Transfer for a Constant Heat Boundary in Porous Reactive medium under Local Non Equilibrium Conditions,
Defect and Diffusion Forum Vols. 297-301 (2010) pp 181-186, (2010) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland
DOI : 10.4028/

11- Guo Y., Bennacer R., Shen S., Ameziani D.E., Bouzidi M.,
Simulation of mixed convection in slender rectangular cavity with Lattice-Boltzmann method, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol.20, pp. 130-148, 2010.,

12- D.E. Ameziani , Y. Guo, R. Bennacer, M. El Ganaoui, M. Bouzidi,
Competition between lid driven and natural convection in square cavity investigated with a lattice boltzmann method,
Journal of computational thermal sciences. Vol.2(3), pp. 269-282, 2010.,,545d895310669eb6.html

13- A. Azzi , A. Al-Attiyah, Q., Lui, W. Cheema, B.J. Azzopardi,
Gas-liquid two-phase flow division at a micro-T-junction,
Chemical Engineering Science, 65, 3986-3993, 2010.,

14- Mebrouk Ait Saada, Salah Chikh, Lounès Tadrist,
Numerical investigation of heat and mass transfer of an evaporating sessile drop on a horizontal surface,
Phys. Fluids (22), 112115, 2010 ,
DOI : 10.1063/1.3488676

15- Shannak, B.A., Damseh, R.A., Al-Odat, M ;, Al-Shannag, M., Azzi, A.,
Two-phase flow through corrugated U-tube,
Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 224(11), 2408-2417 : DOI : 10.1243/0954462JMES1871, 2010.

16- Y. Ould-Amer,
Effet de l’angle d’inclinaison sur la convection naturelle dans une cavité poreuse bicouche, Revue de Mécanique Appliquée et Théorique, Volume 2, N°3, p 265-273, ISSN 1114-5749, 2010.

17- Madani, B., Topin, F., Tadrist, L.,
Convective boiling in metallic foam : experimental analysis of the pressure loss,
Fluid Dynamics and Material Processing, Tech press, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 351-368, 2010,, doi : 0.3970/fdmp.2010.006.351


1- Ameziani, D.E., Bennacer, R., Bouhadef, K., Azzi, A.,
Effect of the days scrolling on the natural convection in an open ended storage silo,Int. J. of Thermal Sciences, Volume 48, Issue 12, December 2009, Pages 2255-2263

2- O. Rahli, K. Bouhadef, R. Bennacer, D.E. Ameziani,
Numerical three-dimensional double diffusion Poiseuille-Rayleigh-Benard flows in rectangular channels,
Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 283-286, pp. 297-302, 2009.

3- L. Boubendir, S. Chikh
Analyse de l’effet de la matrice poreuse sur le transfert thermique en régime turbulent dans un échangeur à plaques
Revue des Energies Renouvelables Vol. 12 N°1, pp. 45 – 53, 2009, URL :

4- M. Ait Saada, S. Chikh, A. Campo,
Natural Convection Reduction in a Composite Air/Porous Annular Region With Horizontal Orientation,
ASME, J. Heat Transfer, 131 / 022601-1, February 2009
DOI : 10.1115/1.2993544

5- N. Mimouni, S. Chikh
Three-Dimensional Study of Unsteady Flow in Fractured Horizontal Wells
Defect and Diffusion Forum Vols. 283-286, pp 256-261, 2009
DOI : 10.4028/


1- H. Kahalerras and N. Targui,"Numerical analysis of heat transfer enhancement in a double pipe heat exchanger with porous fins", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, Volume 18, 2008.

2- N. Targui and H. Kahalerras,"Analysis of fluid flow and heat transfer in a double pipe heat exchanger with porous structures", Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 49, 2008 (

3- D. E. Ameziani, K.Bouhadef, R. Bennacer,
Analysis of time-dependent heating on the natural convection from a vertical open ended porous cylinder.
Diffusion in solids and liquids III, Defect and diffusion forum, Vol. 273, pp. 28-34, 2008.

4- D. E. Ameziani, K.Bouhadef, R. Bennacer , O. Rahli,
Analysis of Chimney natural convection in a vertical porous cylinder.
Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, Vol. 54, Issue 1, pp. 47-66, 2008. db=all content=a792147377 frm=titlelink?words=bouhadef&hash=532193140

5- S. Aklouche Benouaguef, B. Zeghmati, K. Bouhadef and M. Daguenet,
Multiple solutions in natural convection in an air filled square enclosure : fractal dimension of attractors.
Journal of Applied Sciences. Vol. 8, issue 2, pp. 218-229, 2008.

6- N. Allouache, S. Chikh, Numerical Modeling of Turbulent Flow in an Annular Heat Exchanger Partly Filled with a Porous Substrate,
Journal of Porous Media, vol. 11, pp. 617-632, 2008, Begell House.,5b1e04c83aac8518,1d66d0fe6f01f231.html

7- Nabou Mohamed ; Bouhadef Khedidja ; Zeghmati Belkacem ; Daguenet Michel,
Numerical study of laminar forced convection in entrance region of wavy wall channel.
Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, Vol. 53, Issue 1, pp. 35-52, 2008.


1- M. Ait Saada, S. Chikh , A. Campo
Natural convection around a horizontal solid cylinder wrapped with a layer of fibrous or porous material.
International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow , Vol. 28, pp. 483-495, 2007.

2- A. Campo, S. Chikh,
On the paradox about the propagation of thermal energy speed in a semi infinite body heated by a forced convective flow.
Heat Transfer Research , Vol.38, issue 6 , pp. 565-572, 2007,1fb87f7a0d02e7a7,57d6f1cf1fc0557f.html

3- O. Guerri, A. Sakout, K. Bouhadef
Simulations of the fluid flow around a rotating vertical axis wind turbine
WIND ENGINEERING, an International Journal, Volume 31, Number 3, May 2007, pp. 149–163

4- N. Djennaoui, R. Kibboua and, A. Azzi,
Filtration d’une solution de billes en polyethylene a l’aide d’un dispositif de Couette-Taylor : Comparaison à la plasmaphèrèse.
ITBM-RBM Journal, Vol. 28, pp. 143-149, 2007.

6- H. Kahalerras, E.G. Filali and N. Targui,
Analysis of a double pipe heat exchanger performance by use of porous fins.
International Journal of Heat and Technology

7- R. Kibboua, A. Kechnit, A. Azzi,
Free convection laminar film condensation on a cylindrical tube coated with a thin porous layer.
Algerian Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics , Vol. 2 , pp. 1-7, 2007.

8- Madani, B., Topin, F., Rigollet, C and Tadrist, L.,
Flow laws in metallic foams : Experimental determination of inertial and viscous contributions.
Journal of porous media, Vol. 10, pp. 51-70, N° 1, 2007.,546fef491538b3c8,7786b4b2485bf0c4.html

9- Nabou Mohamed, Bouhadef Khedidja, Slimani Abdelkader and Zeghmati Belkacem
Heat transfer and flow field din the entrance region of a symmetric wavy-channel with constant wall heat flux density
International Journal of Dynamics of fluids, Volume 3, Number 1 (2007), pp. 63-79


1- O. Guerri, K. Bouhadef, A. Harhad
Turbulent Flow Simulation of the NREL S809 Airfoil
WIND ENGINEERING, an International Journal, Volume 30, NO. 4, 2006, pp. 287–302

2- N. Allouache, S. Chikh,
Second Law Analysis in Partly Porous Double pipe Heat Exchanger.
ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics , Vol. 73, pp. 60-65, 2006.

3- M. Ait Saada, S. Chikh , A. Campo,
Analysis of hydrodynamic and thermal dispersion in porous media by means of a local approach.
Heat and Mass Transfer , Vol. 42, N° 11, pp. 995-1006, 2006.

4- A. Belkacem, M. Rebhi, S. Chikh , B. Zeghmati,
Study of the influence of a sinusoidal protuberance on the transfers by natural convection in a vertical channel.
International Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences , Vol. 2, N° 3, pp. 164-173, 2006.

5- A. Belkacem, M. Rebhi, B. Draoui, S. Chikh,
Laminar natural convection in a vertical channel with a sinusoidal obstruction.
Journal of Applied Sciences , Vol.6, N° 7, 1426-1436, 2006.

6- A. Benchatti, A. Medjelled, J.R. Thomas, Jr., A. Bounif, K. Bouhadef
Analytical solution of steady state 2D heat conduction equation (case of horizontal pipe buried in an unsaturated soil).
International Journal of Heat & Technology, Vol. 24, N° 1, 2006.

7- A. Benchatti, A. Medjelled, K. Bouhadef,
Analytical solution of unsteady state 2D heat conduction equation (case of horizontal pipe buried in an unsaturated soil).
International Journal of Heat & Technology, Vol. 24, 2006.

8- A. Campo, S. Chikh,
Reproduction of the fin efficiency diagram for annular fins of uniform thickness by solving systems of up to four algebraic equations.
The International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education , Vol.34, issue1, pp. 85-92, 2006

9- A. Campo, S. Chikh , J.F. Seara,
Analytical/Numerical prediction of the total mass transfer near the entrance to the mass transfer section of round tubes.
Chemical Engineering Communications , Vol. 193, issue 9, pp. 1142-1149, 2006.

10- A. Campo, S. Chikh , S.S. Sablani,
Optimal molar gas composition of selected gas mixtures with Helium that maximize turbulent free convection along vertical plates.
ASME, Journal of Fluids Engineering , Vol.128, issue 1, pp. 199-201, 2006.

11- Mhiris Abdelhak, Ameziani Djamel Eddine, Bouhadef Khedidja,
Analysis of a mixed convection in a partially porous duct with discrete wall heating.
WSEAS Transactions on Heat and Mass Transfer, Issue 4, Vol. 1, pp. 553-558, 2006.

12- M. Nabou, A. Belkacem, A. Slimani and K. Bouhadef,
Numerical analysis of flow and heatheat transfer in the entrance region of a wavy channel with thermally asymmetric walls.
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 1, N° 2, pp.273-293, 2006.

14- R. Nebbali and K. Bouhadef,
Numerical study of forced convection in a 3D flow of a non-Newtonian fluid through a porous duct.
Int. Journ. of Numerical Methods for Heat and fluid flow, Vol. 16, N° 8, 2006.

15- M. Rebhi, A. Belkacem, A. Slimani and K. Bouhadef,
Effect of Wall Waviness on Heat Transfer by Natural Convection in a Horizontal wavy Enclosure.
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 1, N° 2, 2006.

16- Topin, F., Bonnet, J. P, Madani, B. and Tadrist, L.,
Experimental Analysis of Multiphase Flow in Metallic foam : Flow Laws, Heat Transfer and Convective Boiling.
Advanced Engineering Material, Vol. 8, N° 9, pp. 890- 899, 2006.


1- Azzi, A and Friedel, L.,
Two-phase upward flow 90° bend pressure loss model.
Forschung Ingenieurwes, Vol. 69 , pp. 120-130, 2005.

2- A. Campo, S. Chikh, S. S. Sablani
On the maximization of turbulent free convection along heated vertical plates by means of preferable gaseous media.
Heat Transfer Research , Vol.36, issue 4.10, pp. 247-265, 2005.

3- Kibboua, R. and Azzi, A.,
Laminar film condensation on an elliptical tube embedded in porous media.
Energy conversion and management Vol. 46 , pp. 2359-2372, 2005.


1- R. Nebbali, K. Bouhadef
Numerical study of non-Darcy forced convection in a rectangular duct saturated with a power-law fluid.
IASME Transactions, Issue 3, volume 1, 522-527, July 2004

2- A. Campo B. Morrone, S. Chikh
Easy and rapid computation of the transfer of heat from annular fins of nearly optimal profile with the finite difference technique and the shooting method.
International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow , Vol.14, issue 8, pp. 1002-1010, 2004.

3- Y. Ould Amer, S. Chikh , H. Naji,
Attenuation of water coning using dual completion technology.
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering , Vol.45, issue 1-2, pp. 109-122, 2004 .


1- M. Benzeghiba, S. Chikh, A. Campo
Thermosolutal Convection in a Partly Porous Vertical Annular Cavity,
ASME, J. Heat Transfer , 125, 703-715, 2003

2- Y. Ould Amer, S. Chikh
Transient Behavior of Water-Oil Interface in an Upward Flow in Porous Media,
Journal of Porous Media ,6,(2),pp1-12, 2003

3- K. Bouhadef, S. Chikh
Mass Transfer Analysis in an Intermittently Porous Channel.
Revue SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIE de l’Université de Constantine (n° 19, Juin 2003)


1- A. Zerrouki, A. Boumedien, N. Said, B. Tedjiza
Input/output test results and long-term performance prediction of a domestic thermosiphon solar water heater in Algiers
Renewable Energy, 25, pp 153-161, 2002, Elsevier

2- A. Zerrouki, A. Boumedien et K. Bouhadef
The natural circulation solar wheather model with linear temperatures distribution. Renewable Energy Int. Journ. , 26 (2002) 549-559,Elseiver

3- Azzi, A. Friedel, L., Kibboua, R. and Shannak, B. (2002)
Reproductive accuracy of the two-phase flow pressure loss in vertical 90° bends. Forschung Ingenieurwes. 67, 109-116.

4- M. Benzeghiba, S. Chikh
Heat and Mass Forced Convection in a Composite Fluid-Porous Annular Enclosure
Advanced Computational Methods in Heat Transfer , Vol. VII, pp 130-139, 2002


1- R. Rachedi, S. Chikh
Enhancement of electronic cooling by insertion of foam materials
Heat and Mass Transfer , vol.37, pp 371-378, 2001

2- M. Benzeghiba , S. Chikh
Mass transfer in a porous annular enclosure of different aspect ratios
Chemie Ingenieur technik , vol.73, N°6, p.653, Wiley 2001


Azzi, A. Friedel, L. and Belaadi, S. (2000)
Two-phase gas/liquid flow pressure loss in bends. Forschung Ingenieurwes. 65, 309-318.